flag Tonga Tonga: Trade Profile

Foreign Trade in Figures

Tonga is a country open to foreign trade, which represented 81% of the country's GDP in 2020 (World Bank, 2022). The country is a member of the Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement (PICTA), the South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement (SPARTECA), and the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Agricultural and food products, including fish, make up more than two-thirds of total exports. The main imports are poultry meat (5.31% of all imports in 2020), sheep and goat meat (4%), cars (2.8%) and electrical transformers (2.8%). Customs duties remain relatively low (the average applied tariff rate is 5.5%), and there are no major trade barriers. The major export partners of Tonga are United States (30.7% of all exports in 2020), New Zealand (20.4%), Australia (15.4%) and South Korea with 12.9% (OEC, 2022). The country main suppliers are New Zealand (36.8% of all imports), China (23.9%) and Australia with 9.2% (OEC, 2022).

The archipelago imports much more than it exports. As a result, it suffers from chronic trade deficit, which should continue in the coming years despite substantial international aid. In 2020, Tonga exported 10.2 million USD and imported 141 million USD in goods (WTO and World Bank, 2022), resulting in a deficit of 130.8 million USD. According to figures from the World Bank, Tonga’s overall trade deficit stood at 25.6% of the country’s GDP in 2020.

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20162017201820192020
Imports of Goods (million USD) 260238230238229
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2219132015
Imports of Services (million USD) 8790999989
Exports of Services (million USD) 7577879471
Trade Balance (million USD) -168-185-203-206-191
Foreign Trade (in % of GDP) 90888788n/a
Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 64666667n/a
Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 26222121n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation ; World Bank - Latest available data.

Return to top

 
 

To go further, check out our service Import controls and Export controls

To go further, check out our service Import Export Flows

 

Return to top

 

List of tariffs and local taxes that apply to your product on our service Customs duties

 

Trade Compliance

International Conventions
Member of World Trade Organisation
Useful Resources
Tonga Revenue Services
National Organisation of Intellectual Property
The Registry and Intellectual Property Office (RIPO), Ministry of Labor, Commerce and Industry.
 
 
 

Return to top

Any Comment About This Content? Report It to Us.

 

© Export Entreprises SA, All Rights Reserved.
Latest Update: September 2022

Return to top