Taiwan, China flag Taiwan, China: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Taiwan, China

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President: Tsai Ing-Wen (since 20 May 2016 - reelected 11 Jan 2020) - PDP
Prime Minister: Su Tseng-chang (since 14 January 2019) - PDP
Next Election Dates
Presidential: January 2024
Legislative Yuan (parliamentary): January 2024
Current Political Context
Pro-independent candidate Tsai Ing-wen won a second term with a landslide victory in the January 2020 presidential election.
Main Political Parties
Most parties maintain alliances with the two largest ruling parties: the KMT and DPP. The most prominent political parties include:

- Kuomintang (KMT): centre-right, favours Chinese nationalism

- Democratic Progressive Party (DPP): centre, backs an independent Taiwan, has gained a significant number of parliamentary seats since 2012

- New Power Party: Centre-Left

- People First Party (PFP): liberal

- Green Party Taiwan: Centre-Left

- Minkuotang: Centre-right

- Labor Party : Far-Left

- New Party : Right-Wing

- For Public Good Party: Left-wing

- Social Democratic Party: Centre-Left

- Taiwan First Nations Party : Centre-Left

- Trees Party: Centre-Left, Environmentalist

Executive Power
First country in Asia to have elected its president by universal direct suffrage. The President and Vice President are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term). The Premier is appointed by the President; the Vice premiers are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Premier.
Legislative Power
Unicameral Legislative Yuan: 113 seats, 73 district members elected by popular vote, 34 at-large members elected on basis of proportion of island wide votes received by participating political parties, 6 elected by popular vote among aboriginal populations; to serve four-year terms
Parties must receive 5% of vote to qualify for at-large seats.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
43/180
 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Free
Political Freedom:
1/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Latest Update: December 2022

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