Switzerland flag Switzerland: Business Environment

Business law in Switzerland

Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The judiciary is independent in Switzerland.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Federal laws are applied uniformly in the country. Foreign nationals can expect a free trial from the country’s judicial system.
The Language of Justice
The judicial languages used in the country are: German, French and Italian.
Recourse to an Interpreter
Possible
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The main source of the law is the Constitution of 1848, amended completely in 1874 and 2000.

The Swiss federal system is characterised by substantial decentralisation. The cantons and half-cantons have control over much of economic and social policies having their own laws, with the federal government's powers largely limited to foreign affairs and some economic policy.

The country’s legal system is based on civil law system influenced by customary law and judicial review of various legislative acts.

Switzerland accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, but with reservations.

Checking National Laws Online
Swiss Institute of Comparative Law

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Latest Update: September 2022

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