Singapore flag Singapore: Operating a Business in Singapore

Work conditions in Singapore

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 3,493,6033,525,6653,472,519

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 77.02%77.02%77.42%
Men activity rate 83.95%83.70%84.17%
Women activity rate 69.08%69.39%69.72%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 16.9%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 13.5%
Manufacturing 11.1%
Transportation and storage 8.8%
Financial and insurance activities 7.8%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 7.8%
Accommodation and food service activities 6.5%
Administrative and support service activities 5.2%
Construction 5.1%
Human health and social work activities 4.9%
Information and communication 3.9%
Real estate activities 2.6%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.7%
 
For Further Statistics
Ministry of Manpower
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Statistics, Labour, Employment and Wages

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
8 hours per day and 40 hours per week with one-hour lunch break.
Retirement Age
62 years
Working Contracts
The nature of the contract depends on the type of contract, which could include the following: annual hours contract, casual workers contract, fixed-term contract, home-workers contract, job sharing contract, flexi-time contract, part-timers contract, self-employed workers contract.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labour regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
As a matter of national policy, the Ministry of Manpower does not prescribe minimum wages.
Average Wage
According to data from the Ministry of Manpower, the average monthly wage for full-time resident employees was SGD 4,563 in 2019.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Employers contribute up to 17%, capped at a maximum average monthly salary of SGD 6,000 (contributions are payable by Singapore citizens and permanent residents only).
Reduced rates apply for employees who are earning less than SGD 750 per month as well as for those above 55 years of age.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Only employees who are Singaporean citizens or permanent residents must contribute 20% income to the CPF, with graduated rates available for the first three years of an employee's permanent residency.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Trade Union Act does not allow the unionisation of government employees and uniformed personnel. The act also restricts the Trade Unions' right to select the leader and whom to employ.

Most of the Trade Unions are part of National Trade Union Congress (NTUC) which is closely associated with the government. The government grants renewable licences to trade unions on a yearly basis and strictly controls them.

Unions
National Trade Union Congress (NTUC)
Unionisation Rate
24%
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Manpower
Singapore National Employers' Federation (SNEF)

Find out more about Operating a Business in Singapore on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Latest Update: June 2022

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