Poland flag Poland: Operating a Business in Poland

Work conditions in Poland

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 18,390,67618,318,73418,204,932

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 69.85%70.41%70.85%
Men activity rate 76.96%77.40%78.12%
Women activity rate 62.70%63.37%63.51%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2015
Manufacturing 19.3%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 14.5%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 11.5%
Education 7.7%
Construction 7.5%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 6.7%
Human health and social work activities 5.9%
Transportation and storage 5.9%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 3.5%
Administrative and support service activities 2.7%
Financial and insurance activities 2.5%
Information and communication 2.3%
Accommodation and food service activities 2.1%
Mining and quarrying 1.4%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.3%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1.1%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1.1%
Real estate activities 1.1%
 
For Further Statistics
Office of statistics GUS

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours
Retirement Age
60 for women and 65 for men, but following the revision of the pension system in 2012, the retirement age will be gradually increased to 67.
Working Contracts
Employment agreements can have a fixed term or an indefinite term. It is possible to enter into a separate contract for a trial period of up to three months.

Legal measures govern work contracts; collective agreements and individual negotiation complete them, but to a lesser extent.
The formality of work contracts and the conditions of hiring and dismissal are extremely rigid.

Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
Since the 1 January 2022, the minimum wage is PLN 3,010 per month (Polish government)
Average Wage
In the first quarter of 2022, the average monthly gross wage and salary amounted to PLN 6,235.2 (Statistics Poland).
According to the OECD, Polish people earned USD 33,850 per year on average in 2021, much less than the OECD average of USD 52,436.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Pension fund (9.76%), disability fund (6.50%), accident insurance (0,67% - 3,33%), labour fund contribution (2.45%), Employees' Guaranteed Benefits fund contribution (0.10%)
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Old age pension (9.76%), disability insurance (1.50%), sickness benefits (2.45%), health insurance (9%)

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The law provides for the rights of workers to establish and join independent trade unions, bargain collectively, and conduct legal strikes, but there are limitations. Violations of workers’ rights to organise, join unions and to strike, as well as anti-union discrimination occur. There are a few unions: the free independent union of Poland (NSZZ), the alliance of all Polish unions (OPZZ) and the Polish union of teachers (ZNP).
Unions
Solidarnosc (NSZZ)
All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions (OPZZ)
Polish union of teachers (ZNP)
Unionisation Rate
Union membership has been declining and is currently estimated at 12% of workers.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry of labor and social policy

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Latest Update: September 2022

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