Poland flag Poland: Operating a Business in Poland

Starting a business in Poland

Legal Forms of Companies

The Spolka akcyjna (SA) is the equivalent of a public limited company
Number of partners: One or more individual or legal persons with no maximum.
Capital (max/min): 100,000 PLZ of which 25% will be paid up on registering. (Minimum nominal value: 0.01 PLZ)
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
The Spolka z oograniczona odpowiedzialnoscia (ZOO) is a limited liability company
Number of partners: One or more individuals or legal persons with no maximum.
Capital (max/min): 5,000 PLZ (Minimum nominal value: 50 PLZ).
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
Spolka Jawna (RP) is a Registered Partnership.
Number of partners: A minimum of one, no maximum
Capital (max/min): No restriction on minimal capital.
Shareholders and liability: Unlimited Liability.
Spolka Komandytowa (LP) is a Limited Partnership.
Number of partners: At least two individuals: one as a general partner, and the other as a silent partner.
Capital (max/min): No restriction on minimal capital.
Shareholders and liability: Limited to capital except for general partners (unlimited).

Business Setup Procedures

Setting Up a Company Poland Eastern Europe & Central Asia
Procedures (number) 5.0 5.3
Time (days) 37.0 11.8

Source: Doing Business - Latest available data.

 
The Competent Organisation
The Polish National Court Trade Registry.
For Further Information
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Poland.
Polish National Court Trade Registry, per conoscere le procedure per avviare un'attività in Polonia.

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Latest Update: November 2022

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