North Macedonia flag North Macedonia: Operating a Business in North Macedonia

Work conditions in North Macedonia

The Active Population in Figures

Labour Force 959,881966,408897,070

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

Total activity rate 65.10%65.25%66.07%
Men activity rate 78.31%78.12%77.16%
Women activity rate 51.49%52.00%54.65%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database


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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
Working hours amount to 40 hours per working week. Consult  Labor Relations Law.
Retirement Age
63 years old for men


60 years old for women

There is a minimum of 20 years worked to qualify for retirement.  Consult the Retirement Law.

Working Contracts
Contracts of  permanent employment are of an unlimited period of  time.  There are temporary contracts, limited to  a maximum of nine consecutive months, used for seasonal employment, increment of activities or replacements.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
No minimum wage exists.
Average Wage
The average monthly gross earnings in North Macedonia is MKD 24,770 (EUR 400).
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Sickness, Maternity: 9.2%

Retirement, Disability: 21.2%

Unemployment: 1.6%

Consult the Retirement and Disability Funds (in Macedonian)
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: Insurance is obligatory: 0.5%

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
In the public sector, union power is very important, salaries have been raised after negotiations with labor unions or after strikes of employees.


However, in the private sector, unions are almost nonexistent.

Trade Union of the workers in Chemical, Metal and Non- Metal Industry
European Trade Union Cooperation
Unionisation Rate
45% of the workforce is organized.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Employment  Service Agency
Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs

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Latest Update: September 2022

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