Nigeria flag Nigeria: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Nigeria

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President and Head of Government: Bola Ahmed Adekunle TINUBU (since 29 May 2023)
Vice President:
Kashim SHETTIMA (since 29 May 2023)
Next Election Dates
Presidential election: February 2027
Parliamentary election: February 2027
Main Political Parties
Nigeria's main political parties include:

- All Progressives Congress (APC): socialist; in the 2023 general election, its candidate Bola Tinubu won the presidential election
- People's Democratic Party (PDP): centre-right, typically attracts national support holding more than half of parliamentary seats
- Labour Party (LP): centre-left
- New Nigeria People's Party: populist
- All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA): progressive
- Social Democratic Party (SDP): centre-left, moderate
- African Democratic Congress (ADC): centre-left
- Young Progressive Party (YPP): social democracy.

Executive Power
The President of the Republic is both the Head of State and Head of Government. The President is elected by popular vote for a four-year term, renewable once.
The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian armed forces.
Legislative Power
The two-chamber National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats: three per state plus one for the capital Abuja), whose members are elected by popular vote for a four-year term, and the House of Representatives (up to 360 seats), whose members are also elected by popular vote for a four-year term. Each federal state has its own legislative body and a governor elected for four years by vote. The laws vary significantly among the states, particularly due to the application of Sharia law in some of them.

Indicator of Freedom of the Press


The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:

Indicator of Political Freedom


The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Partly Free
Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House


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Latest Update: May 2024