Morocco flag Morocco: Operating a Business in Morocco

Work conditions in Morocco

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 11,914,87112,084,53011,523,035

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 48.57%48.65%48.73%
Men activity rate 74.84%74.86%74.90%
Women activity rate 23.14%23.26%23.37%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2014
Agriculture, hunting and forestry 37.2%
Financial intermediation 22.1%
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods 17.9%
Manufacturing 10.9%
Construction 6.8%
Transport, storage and communications 4.9%
 
For Further Statistics
High Commissioner for Planning
L'Economiste
For Further Information About the Labour Market
World Bank

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
44 hours per week for non-agricultural sector.
48 hours per week for agricultural sector.
Retirement Age
60 years generally and 55 years for miners.
Working Contracts
Employment regulations have been adopted in July 2003 and are in force since June 2004. Employment contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The employment contract form is rather rigid. Three types of contracts coexist: the permanent contract, the fixed term contract and the contract to complete a given work.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
Morocco's minimum wage is MAD 3,000 per month in the public sector, MAD 2,570.86 per month in the private sector, MAD 69,73 MAD per day for agricultural workers, according to the Moroccan government data.
Average Wage
According to the latest figures released by the National Security Fund (CNSS), the average salary of Moroccans in 2018 stood at MAD 5,188.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Family allocation: 6.40%
Social allocation: 8.60% (with a computation base capped at MAD 6,000)
Professional tax: 1.60%
Mandatory medical care: 4.11%.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees:
  • Old age (3.69%),
  • Sickness (0.33%),
  • Healthcare (2.26%),
  • Unemployment (0.19%),

totalling 6.74% of gross earnings.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Historically unions had important influence but it has reduced. Article 29 of the Constitution gives workers the right to strike, but no detailed law defines it. Although unions claim high membership rates, Morocco has about 600,000 unionized workers, less than 6% of the 11.26 million-strong workforce. Three federations stand out among the 17 existing trade unions: Moroccan Union of Work (UMT), the Democratic Confederation of Work (CDT), and General union of the Workers of Morocco (UGTM).
Their negotiation powers are overall weak because of the rupture and a rather cloudy management, but they are rooted in the company.
Unions
Unions in Morocco
General Union of the workers of Morocco (In arabic)
Unionisation Rate
6% (official figures)
Labour Regulation Bodies
Ministry for Employment and Professional Training
Social Security National Office

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Latest Update: June 2022

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