flag Mauritania Mauritania: Statistical Overview

Capital: Nouakchott


Total Population: 4,614,974
Natural Increase: 2.6%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 56.1%
Population of main cities: Nouakchott (958,400); Nouadhibou (118,200); Kiffa (50,200); Mbera (47,800); Kaédi (45,600); Zouerate (44,700); Rosso (33,600); Sélibabi (26,500); Atar (25,200)
Ethnic Origins: There is no official national data on ethnic groups in Mauritania. However, the largest ethnic groups in the country are Moors, Moors of Arab-Berber descent (known as Bidhan) and other Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof and Bamara).
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Dialectal Arabic hassanya, French, Fula, Soninke and Wolof
Business Language(s): Arabic and French
Religion: The population is 99% Muslim.
Literacy Rate: 51.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Nouakchott

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Ouguiya (MRU)

Country Overview

Area: 1,030,700 km²
Type of State: Islamic Republic state based on parliamentary democracy (presidential system).
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Least Developed Countries (LDC). .
Desert country. The exploitation of iron ore, gold and copper is dominant in the economy, some petroleum extraction and fishing.
HDI*: 0.506/1
HDI (World Rank): 156/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Mauritania, dial 00
To call Mauritania, dial +222
Internet Suffix: .mr
Telephone Lines: 1.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 21.76% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 2,0943,1833,5202,7453,564
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,7222,0522,2662,8304,343
Imports of Services (million USD) 698640741789782
Exports of Services (million USD) 133113124110193

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: September 2023

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