India flag India: Operating a Business in India

Starting a business in India

Legal Forms of Companies

Sole Proprietorship
Number of partners: One
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital
Shareholders and liability: Unlimited liability.
Partnership
Number of partners: Minimum number is 2, while as the maximum number can be 20 in case of a General Partnership and with no maximum for all Limited companies.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital
Shareholders and liability: Liability of the partners is unlimited.
Private Limited Company
Number of partners: Minimum number is 2, while as the maximum number can be 50
Capital (max/min): Minimum paid up capital of INR 100,000
Shareholders and liability: Limited liability to the amount contributed.
Public Limited Company
Number of partners: Minimum 7 partners; while as there is no limit on the maximum number of members/shareholders. Minimum 3 directors.
Capital (max/min): Minimum paid up capital of INR 500,000
Shareholders and liability: The liability of a member is limited to the face value of the shares he owns.
Co-operative
Number of partners: Minimum number is 10; while as there is no limit on the maximum number of members. However, the members must be residing or working in the same locality.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital requirement
Shareholders and liability: The liability of a member is limited to the extent of his capital contribution.
Joint Hindu family business
Number of partners: All members of a Hindu undivided family can do business jointly under the control of the head of the family who is known as the 'Karta'. The members of the family are known as 'Co-partners'. Minimum two members.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital
Shareholders and liability: The Karta has unlimited liability while the liability of the other members is limited to the value of their individual interests in the joint family.
Setting Up a Company India South Asia
Procedures (number) 10.0 7.1
Time (days) 17.5 14.6

Source: Doing Business, 2016

 
Business Setup Procedures
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in India.
Ministry of Corporate Affairs, List of registered Certified Filing Centers.

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Latest Update: June 2022

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