Hong Kong SAR, China flag Hong Kong SAR, China: Operating a Business in Hong Kong SAR, China

Work conditions in Hong Kong SAR, China

The Active Population in Figures

201820192020
Labour Force 3,961,5333,940,6343,807,825

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Total activity rate 71.96%72.26%72.27%
Men activity rate 80.31%80.62%80.86%
Women activity rate 65.13%65.47%65.34%

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labour Force) 2014
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 22.6%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 9.1%
Transportation and storage 8.6%
Construction 8.2%
Accommodation and food service activities 7.7%
Financial and insurance activities 6.3%
Education 5.5%
Human health and social work activities 4.8%
Real estate activities 4.1%
Manufacturing 3.5%
Information and communication 3.3%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 2.9%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.5%
 
For Further Information About the Labour Market
Statistics, regarding the education level of households and residents

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
Between 40 and 48 hours
Retirement Age
There is no legal age for retirement, but the average age is around 62 years.
Working Contracts
The labor contract is mainly drawn-up by the law. It is completed by collective negotiations and agreements.
The formalism of the labour contract, hiring conditions and lay-off constraints are relatively flexible. CDI and the CDD are the two existing types of contracts.
Labour Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labour

Minimum Wage
According to the Hong Kong Labour Department, the minimum wage for non-domestic workers is HKD 37.5 per hour. This rate will be reviewed by the end of 2022. 
Average Wage
According to the Census and Statistics Department, the gross median monthly employment wage is HKD 18,700 in 2021.
Social Contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: Employers are required to deduct 5% and contribute a further 5% to the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF), calculated on a maximum income of HKD 30,000.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: For employees with monthly income above HKD 7,100, a 5% withholding tax (capped at HKD 1,500) is levied as contribution to the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF).

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions - (HKCTU) gathers several trade unions. Their power remains very weak.
Unions
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (HKFTU)
Unionisation Rate
The unionization rate was about 23.6% in 2011.
Labour Regulation Bodies
Labour Department

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Latest Update: September 2022

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