flag Ethiopia Ethiopia: Statistical Overview

Capital: Addis Ababa


Total Population: 123,379,924
Natural Increase: 2.5%
Density: 107 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 22.7%
Ethnic Origins: Oromo about 35%, Amhara nearly 27%, Somali around 6%, Tigray approximately 6%, as well as other ethnic groups: Sidama 4%, Gurage 3%, Welayta 2%, Hadiya 2%, Afar 2%, Gamo 1% and others about 13%. (Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia)
Official Language: Amharic is the official working language in which all federal laws are published, and it is spoken by millions of Ethiopians as a second language.
Other Languages Spoken: There are 88 individual languages of Ethiopia. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family.
These languages include: Oromigna, Tigrigna Somaligna Guaragigna, Sidamigna, Hadiyigna, others.
English is a major foreign language taught in schools.
Business Language(s): Amharic and English
Religion: Christian 60.8%, Muslim 32.8%, Traditional 4.6%, Others 1.8%.
Literacy Rate: 35.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Addis Ababa

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

Country Overview

Area: 1,136,240 km²
Type of State: Federal parliamentary republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An economy dominated by the agricultural sector; heavily dependent on international aid.
HDI*: 0.442/1
HDI (World Rank): 174/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Ethiopia, dial 00
To call Ethiopia, dial +251
Internet Suffix: .et
Telephone Lines: 0.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 1.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 26.56% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20192020202120222023
Imports of Goods (million USD) 14,55413,11515,97318,66317,888
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,7413,2583,9493,9703,616
Imports of Services (million USD) 6,1715,4086,5267,4520
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,8424,4625,5667,0010

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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Latest Update: April 2024

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