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Tax rates in Argentina

Tax Rates

Consumption Taxes

Nature of the Tax
Impuesto al Valor Agregado or IVA (Value Added Tax or VAT, in English)
Tax Rate
The general VAT rate stands at 21% and is charged on the net price of transactions. Certain public services such as electricity, water, and sewage disposal or telecommunications companies are subject to an increased rate of 27%.
Reduced Tax Rate
A reduced VAT rate of 10.5% applies to interest and commissions on loans made by banks; sale, preparation, manufacturing or construction and final import of certain capital assets; long-distance passenger transportation (more than 100 km); sale or import of newspapers and magazines; construction of housing; supply of publicity and advertising (conditions apply); certain medical services, etc.

Exports of goods and services are treated as zero-rated transactions, with the input VAT that can be used as a credit against output VAT or refunded following a special procedure.

Other Consumption Taxes
Import duties vary between 0% and 35%. Excise duties apply to tobacco, wines, soft drinks, spirits, gasoline, lubricants, insurance premiums, automobile tyres, mobiles services, perfumes, jewellery, and precious stones. From 1 January 2021 through 31 December 2025, a 17% tax applies to certain electronic products.

Export duties are imposed on goods and services with general rates of 5% for manufactured goods and services, 8% for hydrocarbons and mining products, 15% for agribusiness products, and 33% for soybean. Furthermore, a 30% solidarity tax applies on all purchases of foreign currency by Argentine individuals for investment purposes, or by companies and individuals for payment of foreign expenditure.

 
Find out more about Taxes and Accounting in Argentina on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.
 

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Corporate Taxes

Company Tax
30%
25% (from fiscal years beginning on or after 1 January 2021)
Tax Rate For Foreign Companies
Residents and non-residents are subject to the same tax treatment. Non-resident companies are only taxed on their Argentina-sourced income.
Argentine-source income (e.g. royalties, interests) received by foreign entities is subject to withholding tax in full and final settlement at source.
Capital Gains Taxation
Most capital gains are included in taxable income and taxed at the normal corporate income tax rate. Gains derived from the sale of shares, bonds, and other securities are tax at a rate of 30% (which shall be reduced to 25% as of fiscal years beginning on or after 2021). Gains derived by a non-resident from the sale of equities of an Argentine corporation or other participation in the capital of an Argentine entity that is not publicly traded are subject to an effective rate of 13.5% on gross proceeds or, alternatively, a 15% income tax on the net gain if the seller’s tax cost basis can be duly documented for Argentine tax purposes.
The sale of corporate bonds placed by public offer, government bonds and notes issued by financial trusts are generally exempt.
Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
Expenses are deductible if incurred for obtaining and preserving taxable income, as well as for taxes paid, depreciation or amortisation, reserves, directors' fees, wages and donations of up to a maximum of 5% of net taxable profits. Interest is generally deductible, provided it is incurred on loans taken out for business purposes. R&D expenditures (for the development of intangible assets) may be deducted when they are incurred or amortised over not more than five years, same as for start-up expenses. Bad debts can be deducted only in specific cases (like bankruptcy) and if supporting documentation is provided. Representation expenses are deductible up to 1.5% of the amount of salaries accrued during the fiscal year.
Net operating losses may be carried forward for five years, whereas loss carrybacks are not allowed. The amortisation of goodwill cannot be deducted for profits tax purposes.
All deductions are subject to review by the tax authorities.
Other Corporate Taxes
Sales taxes are levied at jurisdictional level, generally at a rate of 3% to 5% of gross revenue from the sale of goods and services. Higher rates may be imposed on certain services in some provinces. Industrial activities usually are exempt or subject to lower rates (between 0 and 2%). Jurisdictions also levy a real estate tax, with rates varying according to the location and the property’s fiscal value.

A financial transactions tax of 0.6% is levied on deposits and withdrawals in current accounts; as well as a 1.2% tax on any transactions made in a bank without using a bank account. 33% of the aforementioned taxes is creditable against profits tax and minimum notional income tax and/or respective tax advances.

A stamp duty of 1% is levied on the formal execution of public and private instruments including contracts, notarial deeds and promissory notes. Special rates of 0.5%, 1.2%, 3%, and 3.6% apply in certain cases.

An annual wealth tax is levied on the shares or holding in the capital of local companies owned by individuals or undivided estates domiciled in Argentina or abroad, and/or companies and/or any other type of legal person domiciled abroad. The tax rate is 0.5% of the value of the participation. Such tax does not apply to foreign companies' branches in Argentina.

Employers contribute to the national unemployment fund, family allowances fund, and social services institute for pensioners at a unified rate of 18% (20.4% for companies who mainly render services or commerce and are above the SME's threshold); plus 6% for the social health care plan. Argentine employers are exempt to pay social security contributions for the first ARS 7,003 per month/employee (plus an additional allowance of ARS 10,000 for small employers with no more than 25 employees). The exempt amount is increased to ARS 17,509 for employers in the textile, leather goods, and agricultural industries, and healthcare services sector.

An “emergency wealth tax” was introduced as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. It concerns Argentine resident individuals and undivided estates with worldwide assets valued at more than ARS 200 million as of 18 December 2020, and non-resident individuals with assets located in Argentina valued at more than ARS 200 million as of that date. Tax rates of 2% to 3.5% apply to assets located in Argentina, and rates of 3% to 5.25% to foreign assets.

Other Domestic Resources
Federal Administration of Public Revenue (AFIP)
Doing Business: Argentina, to obtain a summary of taxes and mandatory contributions

Country Comparison For Corporate Taxation

  Argentina Latin America & Caribbean United States Germany
Number of Payments of Taxes per Year 9.0 28.2 10.6 9.0
Time Taken For Administrative Formalities (Hours) 311.5 327.5 175.0 218.0
Total Share of Taxes (% of Profit) 106.3 46.8 36.6 48.8

Source: Doing Business, Latest available data.

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Individual Taxes

Tax Rate

Personal Income Tax Rate
ARS 0 -  64,532.64 5%
ARS  64,532.64 - 129,065.29 ARS 3,226.63 + 9% on excess
ARS 129,065.29 - 193,597.93 ARS 9,034.57 + 12% on excess
ARS 193,597.93 - 258,130.58 ARS 16,778.49 + 15% on excess
ARS 258,130.58 - 387,195.86 ARS 26,458.39 + 19% on excess
ARS 387,195.86 - 516,261.14 ARS 50,980.79 + 23% on excess
ARS  516,261.14 - 774,391.71 ARS 80,665.80 + 27% on excess
ARS 774,391.71 - 1,032,522.30 ARS 150,361.06 + 31% on excess
ARS 1,032,522.30 and above ARS 230,381.54 + 35% on excess
Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
Employees are subject to withholding tax at source, for which the employer is responsible (withholding agent). Social security contributions withheld by the employer and personal deductions are deductible from employment compensation for income tax purposes.
There are several types of allowances or tax reductions: ARS 167,678.40 for individuals who have been living in Argentina at least six months during the calendar year, ARS 156,320.63 for spouses, ARS 78,833.08 for each child younger than 18 years, ARS 804,856.34 for employees earned income allowance, ARS 335,356.79 for self-employed workers, ARS 419,196.02 for new professionals/entrepreneurs.

Donations to tax-exempt charitable institutions are deductible up to a maximum of 5% of net income, same as for contributions to third-party medical schemes. Other medical expenses may be deducted up to a maximum of 40% of all corresponding invoices of the fiscal year (still capped at 5% of net income). Life insurance purchased from local authorised insurance companies and funeral expenses are deductible (up to limits set annually).

Individuals can deduct up to 40% of their rental expenses (up to a maximum of ARS 167,678.40), provided that they correspond to their dwelling and do not own any real property.
Mortgage and all other interest, alimony, education and childcare expenses are not deductible.

Special Expatriate Tax Regime
Non-resident and foreign beneficiaries are only taxable on their Argentine-source income.
Foreign beneficiaries working temporarily in Argentina for no more than six months during the year, who earn income through either the visual or performing arts or another profession, are subject to a final income tax rate of 24.5% (35% on assumed profit of 70% of gross income) to be withheld by the local payer.

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Double Taxation Treaties

Countries With Whom a Double Taxation Treaty Have Been Signed
List of Double Taxation Treaties
Withholding Taxes

Withholding tax rates are:

  • Dividends: 0% resident company - 7% resident individual, non-resident company and non-resident individual for income obtained in fiscal years beginning on or before 1 January 2021; 13% for income obtained in fiscal years beginning on or after 2 January 2021
  • Interest: 0% resident company/individual - 15.05%/35% non-resident company/individual
  • Royalties: 0% resident company/individual - 21%/28%/31.5% non-resident company - 12.25% (copyrights)/17.5% (film and television, image or sound)/28% (patent)/31.5% non-resident individual
Bilateral Agreement
The United Kingdom and Argentina are bound by a double taxation treaty.

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Find out more about Taxes and Accounting in Argentina on GlobalTrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Latest Update: May 2022

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