Algeria flag Algeria: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Algeria

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
President-elect: Abdelmadjid Tebboune (since 19 December 2019)
Prime Minister: Ayman Benabderrahmane (since 7 July 2021)
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2024
Council of the Nation: NA
National People's Assembly: 2026
Current Political Context
The announcement of Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s candidacy for a 5th presidential term has led to massive and peaceful popular mobilisation for the departure of the "ancient establishment". Faced with the contestation, Bouteflika announced in March the postponement of the presidential election, his decision not to run for a 5th term and then his resignation (April 2). Elected on 12 December 2019 with 58.51% of the votes cast, Abdelmajid Tebboune responded to weekly peaceful protests (‘Hirak’) by promulgating a revised Constitution, adopted by referendum on 1 November 2020. It includes more transparent elections and the management of public funds. However, the domestic political situation became increasingly tense in the context of the approaching snap elections held in June 2021. With only 23% of participation, the election saw the lowest turnout of those held for the legislature in Algerian history. Following the resignation of Prime Minister Abdelaziz Djerad, Finance Minister Ayman Benabderrahmane was appointed as prime minister. On the international scene, tensions have increased between Algeria and Morocco. Extremists groups from neighbouring Mali, Libya and Niger are also a threat to political stability in Algeria.
Main Political Parties
Following liberalisation of the electoral law in 1997, dozens of political parties entered the parliamentary sphere. Still, most political power is concentrated in the President-backed National Liberation Front (FLN).

  • National Liberation Front (FLN): left-wing, secures about half of parliamentary seats; previously the only legally permitted party
  • National Rally for Democracy (RND): centrist, liberal; initially created by the military as an alternative party, but still remains closely aligned to the FLN
  • Green Algeria Alliance: Islamist coalition formed in 2012; aims to address the Government’s perceived lack of commitment to reform, comprises several movements including the Movement of Society for Peace (Hamas), Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ennahda) and the Movement for National Reform (Islah).
  • Workers' Party: Trotskyist political party in Algeria

During the 2019 presidential elections, FLN candidate had 58.13% of the votes, MRI - FJD - Al Binaa candidate had 17.37%, Avant-Garde des Libertés candidate 10.55%, RND candidate 7.28% and Front El Moustakbal candidate had 6.67%. Some parties boycotted the 2019 presidential elections.

Executive Power
The President of the Republic is the Head of State. He is elected by direct universal suffrage for five years. He appoints the Prime Minister and the Government at the suggestion of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister sets the jamount of the State's expenses and revenue and prepares some bills.
The Parliament passed a constitutional reform at the beginning of 2016, which reinstated a two-term limit for the presidency. Following this reform, the President must also consult with the Parliament when choosing the Prime Minister.
Legislative Power
Parliament is bicameral and composed of the Council of the Nation and the National Popular Assembly. Senators are elected by indirect universal suffrage for six years (renewable every three years). Deputies (MPs) are elected by direct universal suffrage. They examine successively bills and proposals of laws, vote laws and monitor the Government. The Parliament passed a constitutional reform at the beginning of 2016, which increased its powers.
 

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

Definition:

The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. It reflects the degree of freedom enjoyed by journalists, the media and digital citizens of each country and the means used by states to respect and uphold this freedom. Finally, a note and a position are assigned to each country. To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders (RWB) prepared a questionnaire incorporating the main criteria (44 in total) to assess the situation of press freedom in a given country. This questionnaire was sent to partner organisations,150 RWB correspondents, journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. It includes every kind of direct attacks against journalists and digital citizens (murders, imprisonment, assault, threats, etc.) or against the media (censorship, confiscation, searches and harassment etc.).

World Rank:
146/180

Source: World Press Freedom Index, Reporters Without Borders

 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Not Free
Political Freedom:
6/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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Latest Update: June 2022

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