Afghanistan flag Afghanistan: Economic and Political Overview

The political framework of Afghanistan

Political Outline

Current Political Leaders
Hibatullah Akhundzada is the leader of the Taliban movement
Prime Minister: Mullah Mohammad Hassan Akhund
Next Election Dates
TBD
Main Political Parties
Afghanistan had a multi-party system with numerous political parties before the takeover of the Talibans.
Executive Power
After taking power in August 2021, the Taliban established a regime that severely limited democratic freedom in the country. Most countries (including the G7) do not recognize the Taliban government.
Legislative Power
Before the takeover of the Talibans in 2021, the legislative power was bicameral. The parliament, or the National Assembly, was composed of an upper and lower house. The lower house, Wolesi Jirga, was the more powerful of the two houses, and its members (no more than 250, the 2004 electoral law set the size of the house at 249 members) were elected by the people for a five-year term. The upper house, Meshrano Jirga, used to be composed by 102 seats and its members served 5-year terms.

The National Assembly was effectively dissolved on 15 August 2021 after the fall of Kabul.
 
 

Indicator of Political Freedom

Definition:

The Indicator of Political Freedom provides an annual evaluation of the state of freedom in a country as experienced by individuals. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The ratings process is based on a checklist of 10 political rights questions (on Electoral Process, Political Pluralism and Participation, Functioning of Government) and 15 civil liberties questions (on Freedom of Expression, Belief, Associational and Organizational Rights, Rule of Law, Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights). Scores are awarded to each of these questions on a scale of 0 to 4, where a score of 0 represents the smallest degree and 4 the greatest degree of rights or liberties present. The total score awarded to the political rights and civil liberties checklist determines the political rights and civil liberties rating. Each rating of 1 through 7, with 1 representing the highest and 7 the lowest level of freedom, corresponds to a range of total scores.

Ranking:
Not Free

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Source: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

Return to top

Any Comment About This Content? Report It to Us.

 

© Export Entreprises SA, All Rights Reserved.
Latest Update: July 2022

Return to top